Introduction to the Manual and Issues-Based Teaching


The Manual was drawn up by the Metropolitan Wastewater Management Department which formed part of the erstwhile Water Services Service Unit. The restructured unit, now called Water and Sanitation, has jurisdiction over the expanded area which incorporates the previous metropolitan area and additional adjoining peri-urban and rural areas. The manual is in the process of being updated to reflect, inter alia, the corrected designations. Nevertheless the intent of the existing manual will generally remain unchanged and the changes will not diminish the important message the manual is attempting to convey. 
The Manual consists of 5 sections plus support sheets. 

  1. Sewage and Waterborne Sewage Systems
  2. Sewage Treatment
  3. Sewerage Systems Problems
  4. Sewage and Sanitation
  5. Sewage Tomorrow
  6. Support Sheets