Buffelsdraai Landfill Sites Community Reforestation Project

As a host city for South Africa’s 2010 FIFA World CupTM, eThekwini Municipality decided to host a “climate neutral” event, and offset associated carbon emissions. The total unavoidable carbon footprint was declared as 307,208 tons carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent.

The Municipality decided to mitigatesome of this carbon footprint through planting of indigenous trees, and local natural habitat restoration. The restoration of local natural habitat will not only achieve the stated climate mitigation objective, but will also result in increased local climate adaptation capacity, within ecosystems and communities.
BuffelsdraaiLandfillSites.jpg In November 2008, the Buffelsdraai ‘reforestation’ project was established, to offset approximately 42,000 tons CO2 equivalent. The total offset is expected to be achieved over a 20-year period. The project has to date been successfully implemented within the buffer zone of the Municipality’s Buffelsdraai Regional Landfill Site. Trees have been planted into anarea of 520 hectares, all of which was previously either farmland (under sugarcane), with limited productive capacity, or infested with invasive alien plants.
The BuffelsdraaiLandfill Site is situated north of Durban, near Verulam, and the total area of the buffer zone is 800 hectares. Areas within the buffer, andnot under sugar canewere made up of woodland and riverine forest. As of January 2015, a total of 660 523 trees have been planted in over 412 hectares of land. Of these trees 69 823 were been planted as living fence along 4043.07m (6.1ha area) of the boundary
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Biodiversity


Benefits to the natural environment include a marked increase in biodiversity (both fauna and flora). For instance, tree species in those areas have increased from zero to 124, and the total bird species listed have increased from 91 to 145 over the five-year period (in areas previously under sugar cane production). While the project is a ‘carbon sequestration’ initiative it is simultaneously ensuring the improved supply of a large number of other ecosystem services (e.gwater quality, flood attenuation, sediment regulation, biodiversity refuge conservation, river flow regulation).
All of these ecosystem services further enhance the long term climate change adaptation needs of local communities, as well as short term resilience to dangerous weather patterns such as storms and droughts.
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Tree-nursery
EThekwini Municipality appointed the Wildlands Conservation Trust (WCT) as implementing agent for the reforestation project at Buffelsdraai. This includes the roll-out of the WCT’s well-established Indigenous Trees for Life Programme (ITFL), as well as all on-site tree planting. The ITFL programme assists unemployed peopleto set up small-scale indigenous tree nurseries at their homes. The project has registered 540 of these local community members, called‘Tree-preneurs’, in the surrounding Osindisweni, Buffelsdraai, Ndwedwe and KwaMashu communities. 480 are currently active. Tree seedlings are exchanged for credit notes, which can be used to obtain food, basic goods and/or pay for school fees. Regular ‘Tree Stores’ are held in the participating communities where the credit notes can be exchanged for goods.
Since inception, the project has created a total of 448 jobs (43 full-time, 16 part-time, 389 temporary) for members of the surrounding communities. In total, an equivalent of ZAR 13.5 million in benefits were derived by the community since project inception in 2008. At regular intervals, mass planting drives are held, during which members from the local communities are employed to assist with planting the trees out at the project site.

Early indications are that the socio-economic benefits of programme are significant, with increased education and food security being reported (Greater Capital, 2011). Communities benefitting from the project are some of the most impoverished and vulnerable in Durban. The first 2 years of project implementation demonstrated the following positive impacts:
  • ​Improved schooling for children
  • Additional disposable income to cover additional needs (i.e. transport).
  • Access to adequate food supply by project participants in two of the project communities has increased by 40%.
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Tree planting by community
The project has highlighted the way that natural ecosystems support and protect human communities, and the way that human communities can support, restore and protect local ecosystems. This mutually supportive relationship is one of the reasons why the concept of Community Ecosystem Based Adaptation (CEBA) was proposed for Durban. Due to the success of the Reforestation Project implemented at Buffelsdraai, two other projects have subsequently also been initiated in eThekwini Municipality, one at iNanda Mountain and one at Paradise Valley Nature Reserve.
Local communities around iNanda Mountain are rebuilding a 250 hectare coastal scarp forest, which was badly degraded, over many years, through uncontrolled fires, over-harvesting and infestations by invasive alien plants.
 
In November 2011, Durban hosted the COP17 CMP event, and at that time, launched the ‘Durban Community-Ecosystem Based Adaptation’ (Durban CEBA) initiative. The initial project site, situated in the uMbilo Catchment, forms the core of the Municipality’s investment into mitigating CO2 emissions associated with the COP17-CMP7 event.
 

Please click here to view Buffelsdraai Information Booklet

 

 Reforestation Project