The Durban Adaptation Charter was the key output of the Durban Local Government Convention: adapting to a changing climate – towards COP17/CMP7 and beyond (2-4 December 2011) which ran concurrently with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) COP17/CMP17 held in Durban, South Africa (28 November - 9 December 2011).
The COP17/CMP7 Durban Local Government Convention was organised by a Local Government partnership, made up of the South African Local Government Association (SALGA), the South African Cities Network (SACN), eThekwini Municipality, South African Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA), Department of Co-operative Governance and Traditional Affairs (COGTA) together with ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability. Since then, the organising partnership has grown considerably to include adaptation experts from the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), the International Cities/ Counties Management Association (ICMA), the cities of Miami Beach and Broward County (Florida, USA) and Dar es Salaam (Tanzania).
At the Convention held in Durban’s City Hall, 107 mayors and elected officials representing over 950 local governments signed the Durban Adaptation Charter on 4 December 2011.In doing so, representatives of 27 countries pledged to strengthen local level adaptive capacity to climate change, and committed local governments around the world to urgent and decisive climate adaptation action in the drive to address a climatically extreme and unpredictable future. The number has increased to 341 mayors and elected officials representing 1069 organisations.
The Durban Adaptation Charter complements existing local government climate change initiatives, such as the Mexico City Pact (signed prior to COP16/CMP6) and the associated carbonn Climate Registry. Together they provide a holistic vision for transforming the world’s cities and local governments and making them more ‘climate smart’. The streamline reporting effort, DAC signatory cities report on their adaptation actions using the carbonn Climate Registry.
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His Worship the Mayor, Cllr James Nxumalo signing the Durban Adaptation Charter at COP17 held in Durban in December 2011held in Durban in December 2011
To view the different translation of the Charter click here
To view the DAC logo click here
DAC Implementation Guidance Workshop Report 
Durban Adaptation Charter 2016
Durban Adaptation Charter 2017 
Durban Adaptation Charter 2019                           

This has been another busy year for the Durban Secretariat overseeing implementation of the Durban Adaptation Charter. Activities associated with implementation of the Hub and Compact approach can be found in the 2019 annual report, which is currently being finalised, including details of attendance at local and international events by the DAC Secretariat. Notable events included hosting the Urban Climate Change Research Network’s Urban Design Climate Workshop for isiPhingo, and the first peer to peer learning exchange with Mombasa for the Miji Bora project. The DAC has managed to sustain political support following the assumption of duties of Durban’s new Mayor, Councillor Mxolisi Kaunda during the year. During 2019, the DAC Secretariat has managed to leverage a number of opportunities to implement climate change adaptation programmes and host events through partnerships with international organisations, hence there has been a lot to report on in the DAC Annual Report for 2019.
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Image: Mayor Kaunda
Central KwaZulu-Natal Climate Change Compact:
As part of the Durban Adaptation Charter (DAC) Hub and Compact approach to climate change, the Central KwaZulu-Natal Climate Change Compact (CKZNCCC) was established with members from surrounding municipalities and other local and provincial governing representatives. The CKZNCCC seeks to promote a collaborative approach to dealing with climate change, especially adaptation, and to advance capacity-building among members.
Compact meeting: 16th August 2019
Meetings of the CKZNCCC are hosted by different Compact members on a quarterly basis. These meetings are also used for knowledge exchange and capacity building workshops. The Compact
meeting on the 16th of August 2019 was hosted by the South African Local Governments Association (SALGA) in their Musgrave offices in Durban. During the meeting a climate finance and funding workshop was rolled out. The main aim of the workshop was to: 
·       Provide municipalities with an insight into various funding streams available in the country and internationally, as well as guidance on how to access these funds.
·       Capacitate municipalities on how to develop

bankable business plans and funding proposals for their climate change projects.
·       Initiate a supporting mechanism for municipalities at intergovernmental level and through private & public participation.
SALGA has established a Finance Support Unit for the City to create awareness of the options municipalities have to secure climate financing. The C40 Cities Finance Facility (CFF) Senior Project Advisor, Mr Shahid Solomon, was invited to this Compact meeting to share information with Compact members on what climate finance options are available at an international level and what the expectations are from funders. The application process associated with some of the funds was discussed.  The proposal for the new SALGA Finance Support Unit was well received by the Compact members. Members felt that it was coming at a much-needed time with the draft Climate Change Bill not providing details on how to support municipalities in relation to climate funding. SALGA will become a negotiating body for climate finance on behalf of the municipalities. The Compact members felt that this one-day workshop was insufficient time to cover this topic and that a two-day workshop/seminar on climate finance should be convened. The Compact members were told that they should attend this seminar with their Treasury/Finance department colleagues as they will be working together in managing climate finance. The seminar should highlight the following key areas:
Cost Benefit Analysis: How a municipality can motivate for climate funding with numbers and costs attached.
  1. Packaging of Projects: What is the best way of selling a project, knowing what sells. The way you package a project might win them the funding.
  2. Pre-physical Study and Physical Study: What is the difference, what are the benefits and how to conduct these.
There was a suggestion that the Development Bank of South Africa (DBSA) should be part of the seminar as they are a relevant stakeholder.
The Compact meeting took place two days after the KZN Premier convened the KZN Climate Change and Sustainable Development Summit. The KZN Department of Economic Development, Tourism and Environmental Affairs (EDTEA) representative provided feedback on this Summit and highlighted the resolutions taken. Some of the Summit’s resolutions included that: 
·         Coordination of climate change in the province should be enhanced.
·         Climate change should be institutionalised from local government and provincial levels.
·         Municipalities should have a functioning unit or person dedicated to climate change.
·         Capacity should be established at all levels.
·         The Premier’s Office should also resuscitate and convene the KZN Climate Change Council.
Compact Announcements:
  • Mpumalanga had initially invited CKZNCCC to a launch and an inaugural Mpumalanga Compact that was supposed to take place in November this year. It has since been postponed to February 2020.
  • The KZN Climate Change Council is proposed to sit at the end of November. EDTEA has advised that they are now the secretariat of that council. The CKZNCCC will be invited to attend and report at that meeting.

August Compact Meeting

Compact meeting: 8th November 2019

The CKZNCCC met on 8th November at Paradise Valley Nature Reserve in eThekwini municipality. This meeting focussed on the introduction of a model protocol for environmental management between national, provincial and local governments. A presentation by Ms Silindile Masondo was followed by discussion on how this could be implemented through the CKZNCCC. Ms Zama Khuzwayo provided some feedback on the C40 Cities Finance Facility Water Resilience workshop in Port Elizabeth, and progress was shared between individual municipalities. EThekwini Municipality informed the Compact members of the election of Mayor Kaunda to the C40 Vice-Chair representing Africa, and the launch of its CAP. It was apparent, that several Compact members are reporting on the C40 Carbon Disclosure Project platform; eThekwini Municipality has achieved an A-star rating for the first time.
As we head into the DAC’s ninth year we aim to conclude our review of progress made with DAC implementation of the Hub and Compact approach. This will be done by way of a peer review publication, with an excerpt for the DAC Annual Report for the 10th Anniversary edition. Implementation of the Hub and Compact approach will continue with an extension of work begun in 2019.
From Feb 3 – 6th, the EPIC African Secretariat will host the first EPIC African training workshop led by the African Network leaders. Planning is on track for the attendance of one West and East African pair (each), and eight Southern African pairs.  The workshop is funded by START international, and they are doing the organisation and logistical planning. The first EPIC African network online meeting of the new decade is planned for 20th January 2020.
The Mpumalanga Provincial team have indicated that they will launch their provincial climate change compact early in the new year. It is the intention of the DAC Secretariat to travel up to Mbombela to attend this launch if funding can be found. The City of Tshwane have indicated a willingness to participate in a learning exchange with the Central KZN Climate Change Compact. Effort will be put towards securing approvals to make this a reality.
The second return leg of the Mombasa learning exchange will take place in Durban from 16-19th March 2020. Planning is already underway to secure the necessary participation from eThekwini line function officials for the experiential learning site visits and technical theoretical underpinning lectures. It is the intention of the DAC Secretariat to secure support from the eThekwini Municipality Municipal Institute of Learning to produce a short documentary video of the exchange.
Work with UCCRN will continue with the planning of ARC3-3 with the DAC Secretariat participating in this planning as the Durban Knowledge Hub. The Hub directors are planning to collaborate within UCCRN to develop funding proposals for further work on urban design climate workshops. Early in the new year, comments for the submission to the special edition of the Ocean and Coastal Management Journal will be addressed.
At this stage, there are no international DAC events being planned, but opportunities for this may present themselves during the new year. Locally, the LIRA project will host its concluding workshop where research findings will be communicated. This will be an exciting climax which will help inform the cost benefit analysis for the C40 Cities Finance Facility project for transformative river management.
CKZNCCC conducts a Survey to Move Compact Meetings Online.
The CKZNCCC convenes its meeting on a quarterly basis. The meetings are hosted on voluntary principle by different municipalities.  The Corona Virus (Covid-19) reached the South African shores and was spreading fast within communities. In a response to slow the rate of infection, the South African Government introduced a lockdown. The regulations under Declaration of a National Disaster prohibited large gatherings. Level 4 and 5 of the regulations prohibited travel between district municipalities. This had a direct impact on the ability of municipalities to convene or attend compact meetings.
One of the aspects of preventing or reducing the spread of the virus is to encourage citizens to work from their home. The DAC secretariat had to acknowledge that the pandemic will be around for a long time; necessitating for the institutional arrangement reconfiguration.
During Level 4 of the lockdown a CKZNCCC WhatsApp group was established to reach out to the compact members, especially since most of the stakeholders were working from home and that their access to emails may have been limited. The intention was to find an alternative platform to communicate CKZNCCC related matters. The platform has been successfully been used for communication alerts as well as for information sharing.
A survey was conducted to establish the status quo of the CKZNCCC members and their capacity to convene compact meetings online. This included establishing which online platform were popular; communication tools; access to data; etc.
Figure:1 A preview of a survey template and the outcome results
Most members indicated that they have adjusted well with working from home and have the necessary tools to move the meetings to a virtual platform. The first 2 days online meeting took place on the 14 & 17 July 2020, using Microsoft Teams.  The online move has presented the members with an opportunity to convene a joint compact meeting with the Mpumalanga Province. This will re-enforce the climate change working relationship between the two provinces.
Transformative Riverine Management (TRM) Knowledge Exchange with CKZNCCC municipalities.
The C40 Cities Finance Facility (CFF), in partnership with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)’s pledge to extend the TRM program to the CKZNCCC secondary municipalities has been realised. The uMhlathuze Local Municipality three day online workshop was hosted on 19, 20 & 22 May 2020 and the KwaDukuza Local Municipality online workshop was hosted on 17, 18, & 19 June 2020. The inter-municipal knowledge exchange workshops provided a platform for eThekwini Municipality officials to share their best practise based on different river management pilot projects. The shared knowledge will assist other municipalities to conceptualise their TRM models as means of a climate change adaptation response. Emphasis on the importance of building governance foundation by involving all relevant stakeholders was highlighted. The scientific based approach on the development of the TRM business case will equip the municipalities with the credible bankable program that will not only improve the state of the rivers, but will bear them diversified socio-economic benefits.